What are prostate diseases?
The prostate is an organ of the male reproductive system. It is a chestnut-shaped gland, located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The urethra (tube through which urine exits) passes through the center of the prostate, so urine leaves the bladder through the prostate. Possible diseases of the prostate compress the urethra and cause discomfort when urinating.
The three diseases that most often develop from the prostate are:
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (benign growth)
- Prostate cancer (malignant growth)
- Prostatitis (infection): is an inflammation of the prostate usually caused by a bacterial infection. It is very common and affects 15% to 20% of men at some point in their lives.
How is it treated?
There are a wide variety of treatments available for prostate diseases, including minimally invasive therapies and surgery. The best treatment option will depend on several factors:
- The size of the prostate
- The patient’s age
- Your general health
- The degree of discomfort or disorders you are suffering from
Treatment alternatives include:
- Medications: Medications are the most common treatment for mild to moderate symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
- Minimally invasive or surgical therapy: Minimally invasive or surgical therapy may be recommended if:
- Patient has moderate to severe symptoms
- Medications have not relieved symptoms
- The patient has a blockage of the urinary tract, bladder stones, blood in the urine, or kidney problems
- If the patient seeks definitive treatment
- Laser therapy: A high-energy laser destroys or removes excess prostate tissue. Laser therapy usually relieves symptoms right away and has less risk of side effects than non-laser surgery. Laser therapy can be used in men who should not have other prostate procedures because they take blood-thinning medications.
- Open or robotic-assisted prostatectomy: The surgeon makes an incision in the lower abdomen to reach the prostate and remove tissue.Open prostatectomy is usually done if the patient has a very large prostate, bladder damage, or other complications. Surgery typically requires a short hospital stay and is associated with an increased risk of requiring a blood transfusion.